David, Jacques-Louis


David, Jacques-Louis
(1748-1825)
   painter
   Known for introducing the neoclassical style in France, as well as being its leading proponent, Jacques-Louis David was born in Paris and studied at the Académie Royale under the rococo painter J. M. Vien. He won the Prix de Rome (1774) and, during a visit to Italy, was strongly influenced by the classical work of nicolas poussin. David soon developed his own style of neoclassicalism, inspired also by themes from ancient sources and using the gestures and forms of Roman sculpture. Returning to Paris, he produced a number of portraits on this motif—Belisarius (1780), Andromache Mourning Hector (1782)—and achieved a full statement of this new neoclassical style with The Oath of the Horatii (1784). In it his characteristic uses of ideal forms, gesture, clarity, and dramatic lighting are emphasized. With its highly moralistic and patriotic theme, this work became the principal mode for such paintings for the next two decades. He would return to this style in the allegorical Rape of the Sabines(1799), which he considered his greatest work. For some years after 1789, however, David, an ardent revolutionary, adapted a more realistic tone to record the contemporary scenes of the revolution of 1789, as seen in his Death ofMarat (1795). From 1799 to 1815, he was the official painter for napoléon i, whose reign he chronicled in such works as the huge Consecration of Napoléon I (1805-07, louvre) and The Distribution of the Eagles (1810). Also throughout his career, David was a prolific portraitist. His portraits such as Mme Récamier (1800, Louvre) and Pius VII (1805) show great understanding of character as well as technical mastery. With his career bridging the transition from 18th-century rococo to 19th-century realism, David would strongly influence such pupils as antoine, baron gros and jean-auguste ingres. His heroic and patriotic themes also paved the way for the romantics. Exiled during the restoration, David died in Brussels.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • David, Jacques-Louis — born Aug. 30, 1748, Paris, France died Dec. 29, 1825, Brussels French painter. At 18 he entered the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture. In 1775 he went to Rome and became a proponent of the Neoclassical style, but also studied the work of… …   Universalium

  • David, Jacques-Louis — (1748 1825)    Born in Paris on 30 August 1748, sculptor Jacques Louis David, a regicide in voting for the execution of King Louis XVI, was invited by King William I to the Netherlands, following the Restoration in 1815. He settled in Brussels in …   Historical Dictionary of Brussels

  • David, Jacques-Louis — ► (1748 1825). Pintor francés. Trabajó en Roma (1778 80), donde recibió la influencia de Rafael y el clasicismo renacentista. David participó intensamente en el movimiento revolucionario francés con cuadros como El juramento del Juego de Pelota.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • David,Jacques Louis — Da·vid (dä vēdʹ), Jacques Louis. 1748 1825. French painter known for his classicism and his commitment to the ideals of the French Revolution. His works include The Oath of the Horatii (1785) and The Death of Marat (1793). * * * …   Universalium

  • David, Jacques Louis — (1748–1825)    One of the greatest of the French neoclassicist painters. Among his most famous works, the Oath of the Horatii, completed in 1784, idealized the classical virtues of stoicism and masculine patriotism and established a severe yet… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • David, Jacques-Louis — (8/30/1748 Paris 12/29/1825 Brussels) (France)    Painter and draftsman. Trained at the Academie Royale and in the studio of J M Vien. The most prominent figure in the French Neo Classical movement. The sexual adventures of figures from the… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Jacques Louis David — Pour les articles homonymes, voir David. Jacques Louis David …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques-Louis David — Autorretrato Nombre de nacimiento Jacques Louis David Nacimiento 30 de agosto …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jacques-Louis David — Pour les articles homonymes, voir David. Jacques Louis David Autoportrait (17 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques-Louis David — Infobox Artist bgcolour = #EEDD82 name = Jacques Louis David imagesize = 200px caption = Self portrait of Jacques Louis David, 1794, Musée du Louvre birthname = Jacques Louis David birthdate = birth date|mf=yes|1748|8|30|mf=y location = Paris,… …   Wikipedia


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